National Park Biogradska Gora - Pearl of European natural hearitage
19.11.2021Today we continue our acquaintance with the remarkable and untouched nature of Montenegro and we get acquainted with another National Park - Biogradska Gora.
There aren’t too many parts of Europe where the forests have been left entirely untouched. In Montenegro, there is a virgin rainforest - Biogradska Gora National Park. This forest is one of the most imposing forests and National Parks in South Europe.
Did you know that Biogradska Gora is the first National Park in Montenegro?
The story of this rare, nature’s diamond begins in the 19th century with King Nikola Petrović’s persistence to preserve this area so that future generations could enjoy it. It became the so-called, “king’s shelter” and since then it is under state protection. In 1952 the Park was proclaimed to be a National Park and since 1977 it is under UNESCO protection as a part of the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB).
Biogradska Gora is the smallest of Montenegro’s five national parks, however, it has some of the greatest flora and fauna diversity.
There are 26 different habitats of plants with 220 different plants. 150 kinds of birds and 10 kinds of mammals live in this Park and in its forest, there are 86 kinds of trees. Experts say that 20% of them are endemic to the Balkan Peninsula. One of the most common tree types that make amazing forests in Biogradska Gora National Park is usually spruce, beech and fir trees. Most of the trees are more than 500 years old and more than 50 meters high.
This National Park includes 54 km2 of phenomenal nature such as six wonderful, clear glacial lakes, high mountain tops and slopes, centennial forests, green pastures and clear streams.
The most famous attraction is Biograd lake on mount Bjelasica, 1.094 meters above sea level. The surface of the clear lake Biograd reflects the blue-green colours of the forests that surround it. Many people visit this place to enjoy the unforgettable scenery of the lake.
Besides lake Biograd, there are beautiful Ursulovacko, Pesica, Sisko, Mali Sisko and Sevarina glacial lakes which contribute to the breath-taking beauty of the whole area of National Park.
The Flora of Biogradska Gora National Park is rich with wonderful coniferous and deciduous forests, meadows and pastures.
Some of the activities that you can enjoy while in Biogradska Gora are camping, hiking and exploring the hidden corners of this extraordinary rainforest.
Since Biogradska Gora in Montenegro is situated in mountain Bjelasica, the average summer temperature in this area is only 17 C. For everyone who is searching for a perfect get-away from the, often, unbearable summer heat, Biogradska Gora is the best choice for a pleasant holiday.
In the winter months, Kolašin and the Biogradska Gora National Park become the centre of winter tourism in Montenegro. In addition to the ski centre "Kolašin 1450", two years ago a new ski resort "Ski Center Kolašin 1600" was opened, which offers 11 km of trails. Currently, works are underway to connect the two ski resorts, which will provide another 10 km of trails.
Another great thing for this region of Montenegro is the Government's program - Citizenship by Investment, one of the goals of this programme is to accelerate economic and tourism development in less developed parts of the country. In the area of National Park Biogradska Gora and the city of Kolasin, there are as many as six projects assigned for the CBI programme. These new developments will significantly influence and improve the tourist offer and the further development of this beautiful part of Montenegro.
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